In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.
In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers in not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.
An executive officer (often abbreviated XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
While there is no clear line between executive or principal and inferior officers, principal officers are high-level officials in the executive branch of U.S. government such as department heads of independent agencies. In Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935), the Court distinguished between executive officers and quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial officers by stating that the former serve at the pleasure of the president and may be removed at his discretion. The latter may be removed only with procedures consistent with statutory conditions enacted by Congress. The decision by the Court was that the Federal Trade Commission was a quasi-legislative body because of other powers it had, and therefore the president could not fire an FTC member for political reasons. Congress can’t retain removal power over officials with executive function (Bowsher v. Synar). However, statutes can restrict removal if not purely executive (Humphrey’s executor), but can't restrict removal of purely executive officer (Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)). The standard is whether restriction "impedes the president’s ability to perform his constitutional duty" (Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654 (1988)).
Desai's execution since he joined Actinium last November ... Desai was responsible for the international development of oncology products in solid tumors and hematological malignancies at Sanofi, where he successfully executed pivotal trials that led to NDA submission for Jevtana® (cabazitaxel).
The Union government has told the Supreme Court it proposed to put in place all necessary mechanisms and infrastructure by May, next year to allow entry of women in three defence services in the existing streams through the prestigious National Defence Academy (NDA) ...Women now allowed to join NDA, Centre tells Supreme Court ... NDA.
The government said, a notification allowing women candidates to take the entrance exam for entry into all three defence services in the existing streams through National Defence Academy (NDA) will be released in May, 2022 ... women cadets at NDA incorporating all relevant aspects".
In that suit Ganieva accused Black of being a 'violent, sadistic,' sexual predator who raped and harassed her then coerced her into signing an NDA... Doe', were added to a previous lawsuit filed by former model Guzel Ganieva (pictured in 2011) who accused Black of sexually assaulting her and then coercing her to sign an NDA.
READ MORE ... A past closed beta led to the sharing of technical playtest footage online although EA was swift to point out that breaking that particular beta NDA could lead to a ban from the full game. In other news, AmazonGames has hired Ubisoft executive, Alexandre Parizeau, to lead a “competitive multiplayer” as his first project. .
Ramana reminded the Centre that India is a “democratic country following the rule of law” and the executive cannot “cherry-pick” names ... After the NDA government came to power in 2014, there has been constant friction between the judiciary and the executive over the appointment process of judges to the Supreme Court and the high courts.
The provisions in SB 331 will provide a voice to low-wage workers in particular, who could otherwise not afford a high-power attorney to negotiate the terms of an NDA, ElsaGranados, the executive director of Santa Barbara-based Standing Together to End Sexual Assault, told the News-Press Wednesday.
Naturally, we understood that the process of conducting such due diligence would entail executing a non-disclosure agreement (“NDA”). Unfortunately, the Board proposed an NDA that we doubt any rational person would sign.The NDA ... The first iteration of the NDA proposed by the Board was far from “customary”.
Williams has successfully led regulatory strategy from Pre-IND through NDA for neurologic, psychiatric, and other development programs and has served in executive leadership team positions ... Williams successfully garnered FDA agreement for an NDA submission based on a single Phase ...
Based on these topline results plus other supportive data, Amneal plans to submit a New Drug Application (NDA) for IPX-203 with the U.S ... “We look forward to submitting an NDA with the FDA and potentially making this treatment available to the PD community.”.
"This expansion of the breadth and depth of our intellectual property portfolio further demonstrates our commitment to developing elamipretide for the treatment of Barth syndrome," said ChiefExecutiveOfficer Reenie McCarthy. "We look forward to working with the FDA as it evaluates our August NDA submission.
"Following the overwhelmingly positive results from our Phase 3GENESIS trial of Motixafortide in stem-cell mobilization that we announced in May, we are working vigorously to submit an NDA in the first half of next year," stated Philip Serlin, ChiefExecutiveOfficer of BioLineRx.
... and the timing associated with the initiation or continuation of any trials and success of ongoing clinical trials of etavopivat and FT-7051; Forma’s ability to execute on its strategy; the submission and acceptance of a new drug application (NDA) for submission to the U.S.